Slavkov Triangle as a Minilateral Grouping within the European Union: A Quantitative Analysis

  • Melek Aylin Özoflu


By taking the main aspirations of the minilateralism as a theoretical framework, this research aims to investigate the origins and prospects of the Slavkov Triangle, which was initiated as a new regional platform between Austria, the Czech Republic, and Slovakia in 2015. The main motivation of the grouping has been to enhance the cooperation of these States in various areas ranging from energy security, transport infrastructure, youth employment, cross-border relations, to the social dimension of European integration. The regional platform was regarded as problematic for and as an alternative to the Visegrad cooperation since it would imply the isolation of Hungary and Poland. As forming a response to these inquiries, this article aims to find out whether the Slavkov Triangle presents a new sustainable alternative central European format. In this respect, the focal point of the research is to answer whether Slavkov Triangle fits theoretically to the traditional ‘minilateral’ grouping definition within the European Union (EU). To reveal whether the members of the Triangle have adopted a concrete joint position in EU decision-making, this paper examines the voting patterns of the members of the Triangle by conducting a quantitative analysis of the voting record of the members of the Triangle in the Council of the EU. The empirical analysis will show the degree to which these countries vote together as a minilateral group. The time frame is designated as two-time spans. The first-time span focuses on between 2010 and 2015 while the second time span covers voting records from 2015 i.e., the beginning of the initiative till 2022 November i.e., the very recent date of the voting data publicly available. That would help grasp the comparative case basis of voting records of these member states before and after the Triangle. In this way, the current study empirically contributes to the burgeoning scholarly literature on regional groupings within the EU.

How to Cite
Özoflu, M. (2023). Slavkov Triangle as a Minilateral Grouping within the European Union: A Quantitative Analysis. Köz-Gazdaság - Review of Economic Theory and Policy. Retrieved from